Front of the Raukawa wharenui in Otaki

Front of the Raukawa wharenui in Otaki

On Waitangi Day (February 6th), we visited the Ngati Raukawa Marae in Otaki. Waitangi Day commemorates the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. The Treaty is often referred to as the founding document of Aotearoa/New Zealand as a nation, and as such, is integral to New Zealand’s constitution.A central concept of the Treaty was the idea of “kaitiakitanga”, generally translated into English as “guardianship” or “stewardship” of the natural environment. Kaitiakitanga is underpinned by the responsibility of each generation to care for the natural environment so that it can be passed on to the guardianship of the next generation.

Pictured is the front of the wharenui (meeting house). It is made up of three main elements representing the human body: the tekoteko (carved figure) on the roof top represents the head; the maihi (front barge boards), the arms, held out in welcome; and the amo – the upright boards, representing the legs. Many wharenui contain intricate carvings and panels that refer to the whakapapa (genealogy) of the tribe, and to stories and legends about people and the land.

See also: Kaitiaki – Māori and the environment